Ratio of Debt-to-Income
Lenders use a ratio called "debt to income" to determine your maximum monthly payment after your other recurring debts are paid.
How to figure the qualifying ratio
In general, underwriting for conventional mortgage loans requires a qualifying ratio of 28/36. FHA loans are less restrictive, requiring a 29/41 ratio.
The first number in a qualifying ratio is the maximum amount (as a percentage) of gross monthly income that can go to housing (including principal and interest, PMI, hazard insurance, property taxes, and HOA dues).
The second number in the ratio is the maximum percentage of your gross monthly income that should be spent on housing expenses and recurring debt. Recurring debt includes payments on credit cards, auto/boat payments, child support, etcetera.
A 28/36 qualifying ratio
- Gross monthly income of $6,500 x .28 = $1,820 can be applied to housing
- Gross monthly income of $6,500 x .36 = $2,340 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses
With a 29/41 (FHA) qualifying ratio
- Gross monthly income of $6,500 x .29 = $1,885 can be applied to housing
- Gross monthly income of $6,500 x .41 = $2,665 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses
If you want to calculate pre-qualification numbers with your own financial data, feel free to use our Mortgage Loan Qualifying Calculator.
Remember these ratios are just guidelines. We'd be thrilled to go over pre-qualification to help you determine how much you can afford.
At Savers Home Loans, we answer questions about qualifying all the time. Call us at (800) 974-0509.