The debt to income ratio is a tool lenders use to determine how much money can be used for a monthly home loan payment after all your other recurring debt obligations have been fulfilled.
Understanding the qualifying ratio
In general, underwriting for conventional mortgage loans requires a qualifying ratio of 28/36. FHA loans are less restrictive, requiring a 29/41 ratio.
The first number is the percentage of your gross monthly income that can be spent on housing costs. This ratio is figured on your total payment, including homeowners' insurance, homeowners' dues, PMI - everything that constitutes the payment.
The second number in the ratio is what percent of your gross income every month that can be applied to housing costs and recurring debt. Recurring debt includes auto payments, child support and monthly credit card payments.
- Gross monthly income of $4,500 x .28 = $1,260 can be applied to housing
- Gross monthly income of $4,500 x .36 = $1,620 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses
With a 29/41 (FHA) qualifying ratio
- Gross monthly income of $4,500 x .29 = $1,305 can be applied to housing
- Gross monthly income of $4,500 x .41 = $1,845 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses
If you'd like to calculate pre-qualification numbers on your own income and expenses, we offer a Mortgage Qualification Calculator.
Don't forget these are only guidelines. We'd be happy to go over pre-qualification to determine how much you can afford.
Savers Home Loans can answer questions about these ratios and many others. Call us: (800) 974-0509.